Category Archive: Earthquake

Chile Earthquake and Tsunami 4-1-2014

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Number of Deaths: 6 person(s)
Number of Injured: 3 person(s)
Number of Evacuated: 900000 person(s)

Situation: Chile has declared two northern regions hit by a 8.2 magnitude earthquake to be disaster areas. At least six people are known to have died and tens of thousands of people have been evacuated. The quake struck at 20:46 local time (23:46 GMT) about 86km (52 miles) north-west of the mining area of Iquique, the US Geological Survey said. Waves of up to 2.1m (6ft) have hit some areas and there have been power cuts, fires and landslides. Tens of aftershocks have been reported throughout the night, including a 6.2 tremor. The government said the declaration of a disaster in the regions of Tarapaca, Arica and Parinacota was aimed at “avoiding instances of looting and disorder”. President Michelle Bachelet said the country had “faced the emergency well” and called on those in affected regions “to keep calm and follow instructions from the authorities”. She is due to visit the affected areas later on Wednesday. Chilean TV broadcast pictures of traffic jams as people tried to head for safer areas. Officials said the dead included people who were crushed by collapsing walls or died of heart attacks. The interior minister also told Chilean TV that some 300 women inmates had escaped from a prison in Iquique. Officials later said that 26 of them had been recaptured. Authorities say they have re-established electricity supply in 50% of the affected areas. Iquique Governor Gonzalo Prieto told local media that in addition to those killed, several people had been seriously injured. While the government said it had no reports of significant damage to coastal areas, a number of homes were reported destroyed in Arica.rnrnFurther damage may not be known until dawn. The quake shook modern buildings in Peru and in Bolivia’s high altitude capital of La Paz – more than 470km (290 miles) from Iquique. The Chilean interior ministry told the BBC that one of the main roads outside Iquique was cut off because of hillside debris. Partial landslides have also taken place between the towns of Putre and General Lagos. The authorities are reported to have deployed a planeload of special forces to guard against looting. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (TWC) issued an initial warning for Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Panama. However, all warnings, watches and alerts were later lifted except for Chile and Peru. Tsunami watches – in which the danger of large waves is deemed to be less serious – had been in place for Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico and Honduras. “We have asked citizens to evacuate the entire coast,” Chilean home office minister Mahmud Aleuy said. Evacuations were also ordered in Peru, where waves 2m (6.5ft) above normal forced about 200 people to leave the seaside town of Boca del Rio near the Chilean border, police said.

 http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EQ-20140402-43216-CHL
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.Tsunamis

Earthquakes

Balochistan’s 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake

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A 7.7 magnitude earthquake occurred Tuesday, September 24, 69 kilometres northeast of Awaran in the remote region of Balochistan, Pakistan.  Emergency response and relief efforts have been difficult due to the mountainous terrain.  It is estimated that 300,000 people have been affected in the region.  The death toll of 355 continues to rise as rescue workers search through the rubble.  According to the government’s most recent Situation Report, many areas are still inaccessible.  Rescue efforts slowed Thursday as an army helicopter with two high-ranking generals on board came under rocket fire near Balochistan’s Awaran district.  The army said they will continue rescue and relief operations in the area.

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]Roads are nonexistent in some areas, so aid is airlifted to such places, and helicopters and C-130 planes are being used for that… we fear the death toll could rise, as we still have to reach out to some far-flung areas. — Pakistani Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan[/pullquote]

The army is flying severely injured individuals to hospitals in Karachi to receive proper medical care.  The Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) of Balochistan issued a press release Thursday afternoon, confirming that Awaran suffered the area’s greatest hit from the earthquake.  95 percent of the houses were destroyed or damaged in the earthquake and aftershocks.  The listed total number of casualties are 355 dead, 619 injured.  In Awaran there are 311 deaths and 440 injuries; in Kech there are 44 deaths and 179 injuries.  Officials stressed that there are ongoing rescue and relief operations involving the army, paramilitary forces and civilians.  Food and other necessities were distributed in some of the remote area via helicopter.

The Red Crescent has disaster preparedness stocks in the region that can be mobilized rapidly, but the biggest challenge is reaching the affected area… It takes between 18-20 hours to travel to Awaran from Quetta and it’s unclear how many villages surrounding the epicentre still haven’t been reached. Some may not be accessible by road.  Mike Higginson, acting head of delegation for the IFRC in Pakistan

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (Quetta) has been issuing updates today on Facebook.  Most of the Red Crescent supply hubs are hundreds of kilometres away.  In one of their recent updates, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society announced that 3 teams had been deployed to the town of Awaran, “Two health teams (1 doctor, 2 paramedics and 1 x ambulance with driver in each team) and one disaster response and coordination team left during the day after the medicines were loaded. The teams will travel round the clock to reach the affected area. The estimated travel time from Quetta to Awaran is 18 to 20 hours.”

Although there have been national efforts amassed to help, some non-governmental organisations, such as the IRIC, have not deployed to Western Pakistan to assist in the aftermath because of ongoing security concerns.  “Not only is the region remote, but security concerns mean that both the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are unable to directly conduct humanitarian operations in the area. However, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society has a well-established network on the ground and is able to operate freely,” said Patrick Fuller of the IFRC.

These are troubled regions . . . and we have heard about security concerns among the [nongovernmental relief groups] operating there.  However, as an independent relief organization, we are just hoping we will not face any trouble out there. I believe the people know we are there for relief.  Bijar Khan Marri, spokesman for the Pakistan Red Crescent Society

The initial damage is hard to estimate, although with food, water, crops, and infrastructural damages by the earthquake in the region, one can conclude the scope of the catastrophe will be far-reaching for a long time.  In Awaran alone, over 90% of houses have collapsed.  Many houses in the area were built from mud, and as such, collapsed during the earthquake and it’s aftershocks.  The earthquake has gotten global attention, but seems to have become most well-known for the island it has formed off the coast of Pakistan.  This earthquake is said to be the worst earthquake since Turkey’s 2011 Van earthquake.

Helpful Links:

Reliefweb
http://reliefweb.int/country/pak

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
http://www.ndma.gov.pk/new/

Humanitarian Response Pakistan
http://www.pakresponse.info/

OCHA Pakistan
http://www.unocha.org/pakistan/

Balochistan Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://www.pdma.gob.pk/

Sindh Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://pdma.pk/dnn/

FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA)
http://fdma.gov.pk/

Pakistan Red Crescent Society’s Facebook Page
https://www.facebook.com/PakistanRedCrescent