Category Archive: Natural Disaster

Chile Earthquake and Tsunami 4-1-2014

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Number of Deaths: 6 person(s)
Number of Injured: 3 person(s)
Number of Evacuated: 900000 person(s)

Situation: Chile has declared two northern regions hit by a 8.2 magnitude earthquake to be disaster areas. At least six people are known to have died and tens of thousands of people have been evacuated. The quake struck at 20:46 local time (23:46 GMT) about 86km (52 miles) north-west of the mining area of Iquique, the US Geological Survey said. Waves of up to 2.1m (6ft) have hit some areas and there have been power cuts, fires and landslides. Tens of aftershocks have been reported throughout the night, including a 6.2 tremor. The government said the declaration of a disaster in the regions of Tarapaca, Arica and Parinacota was aimed at “avoiding instances of looting and disorder”. President Michelle Bachelet said the country had “faced the emergency well” and called on those in affected regions “to keep calm and follow instructions from the authorities”. She is due to visit the affected areas later on Wednesday. Chilean TV broadcast pictures of traffic jams as people tried to head for safer areas. Officials said the dead included people who were crushed by collapsing walls or died of heart attacks. The interior minister also told Chilean TV that some 300 women inmates had escaped from a prison in Iquique. Officials later said that 26 of them had been recaptured. Authorities say they have re-established electricity supply in 50% of the affected areas. Iquique Governor Gonzalo Prieto told local media that in addition to those killed, several people had been seriously injured. While the government said it had no reports of significant damage to coastal areas, a number of homes were reported destroyed in Arica.rnrnFurther damage may not be known until dawn. The quake shook modern buildings in Peru and in Bolivia’s high altitude capital of La Paz – more than 470km (290 miles) from Iquique. The Chilean interior ministry told the BBC that one of the main roads outside Iquique was cut off because of hillside debris. Partial landslides have also taken place between the towns of Putre and General Lagos. The authorities are reported to have deployed a planeload of special forces to guard against looting. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (TWC) issued an initial warning for Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Panama. However, all warnings, watches and alerts were later lifted except for Chile and Peru. Tsunami watches – in which the danger of large waves is deemed to be less serious – had been in place for Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico and Honduras. “We have asked citizens to evacuate the entire coast,” Chilean home office minister Mahmud Aleuy said. Evacuations were also ordered in Peru, where waves 2m (6.5ft) above normal forced about 200 people to leave the seaside town of Boca del Rio near the Chilean border, police said.

 http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EQ-20140402-43216-CHL
[important]For more information on Tsunamis, Earthquakes and resources, see our information pages[/important]

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Earthquakes

Yolanda: Update and Resources

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As of November 11, the DSWD has extended free satellite net service to close to 2,000 individuals in areas in Tacloban affected by the supertyphoon. Among those who have used the service are members of the media and NGOs. Said service was made available for our countrymen who wish to contact their loved ones.

Quick Links:

Emergency hotlines
Report on government response efforts
Info for those who want to donate or volunteer in Cebu, Tacloban, or CDO
Telco services restored in more typhoon-hit areas
Matrix of international pledges
List of evacuation centres.
The Red Cross’s Yolanda – RFL and Tracing Form
List of Casualties
A Compiled List of Yolanda / Haiyan Informational Maps: Space-based information

Summary: 8 Days Ago (7th of November)

When Typhoon Yolanda, internationally known as Typhoon Haiyan, formed as an identified tropical depression “31W”, meteorologists began tracing her path towards the Philippines there was little attention given from the international media on her potential impacts as developments in her size and path became a concern.[quote cite=”Social Welfare and Development”] “As of 12 noon, the number of families affected by typhoon Yolanda has reached the two million mark composed of 9.53 million persons as Local Government Units (LGUs) from Regions IV-A and B, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, and CARAGA continue to assess the extent of the disaster.”[/quote] The day Yolanda made landfall on the Philippines as a Category 5 Super-Typhoon images and footage rolled in the international media began incredulous coverage of the Typhoon Yolanda, most continuing coverage of the complex emergency and devastation left behind.  There is (obviously) national coverage of the ongoing crisis in some detail, though many small, local news sources are not available because of the great infrastructural damage in most affected regions.

Summary: Eight Days Later (15th of November)

Eight days later, there are many concerns in the Central Philippines that have yet to be alleviated. Due to massive damages to the infrastructure it has been a challenge to get needed supplies areas critically affected by Typhoon Yolanda, but aide has arrived or is en-route.  The Department of Energy has deployed generators to Yolanda-hit areas.  
 

 A total of 17,890 personnel, 844 vehicles, 44 seacraft, 31 aircraft, and other assets / equipment from National and Local Agencies, Responders and Volunteer Organizations were prepositioned and deployed to strategic areas to facilitate response operations. —NDRRMC Situation Report on the effects of Typhoon YOLANDA, November 14, 2013 (6:00 p.m.)

State of National Calamity

Major media outlets have reported on the hard hit areas, most covering the scathed capital city of Leyte; Tacloban City. Due to its large size, the damage is apparent, and the emergent needs of this city are undoubtedly great, as are the needs of all towns, cities, and barangays in Samar, Cebu, Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan, and Palawan. The Presidential Proclamation No.682, dated November 11, 2013 declared a State of National Calamity, affecting Samar, Cebu, Leyte, Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan, and Palawan. [quote cite=”Official Gazette” url=”http://www.gov.ph/2013/11/11/dswd-provides-taclobanons-with-satellite-internet-service/”] As of November 11, the DSWD has extended free satellite net service to close to 2,000 individuals in areas in Tacloban affected by the supertyphoon. Among those who have used the service are members of the media and NGOs. Said service was made available for our countrymen who wish to contact their loved ones.[/quote ]With not enough people to properly identify every body found, it is anticipated that a number of victims will go unidentified, and with regional environmental and weather factors, time is an important factor for both identification and needed burial.  There are plausible concerns of flood waters and additional rains causing sickness, infection. Hospitals are reporting they are close to running out of needed medicines as well as doctors and nurses concerned they won’t be able to meet the needs of critical care for patients.

 

Many hope that with international resources combined, food, medical supplies and basic necessities will be able to be delivered faster and in greater quantity. Combined forces, assembled medical personnel teams, along with aid and relief packages that are now arriving in greater numbers in the proclaimed State of Calamity areas.  Measures  are being taken to help fix immediate obstacles, assist those in need of rescue, restore peace and order, maintain security, and a price freeze on essential medicines has been implemented. These examples are all indicators of the strong response that has become more tangible now that efforts have increased in pace and overall progress.

Updates from The Official Gazette

Official List of Casualties

Deceased: 3633
Injured: 12487
Missing: 1179
 

The DSWD has opened satellite repacking centers of relief goods in the NCR and in affected regions. Meanwhile, the schedule for volunteers at DSWD-NROC is already full until November 18. All those interested in volunteering, please call 851-2681/852-8081.

Food and Water

Field Bulletin No. 3: On relief operations in Yolanda-affected areas

Field Bulletin No. 2: On relief operations in Yolanda-affected areas

Status of relief and rehabilitation efforts in Yolanda-affected areas as of November 15, 2013 (6:00 a.m.)

DSWD assures faster relief ops

Medical

Field Bulletin No. 4: On relief operations in Yolanda-affected areas (medical supplies)

Field Bulletin No. 3: On relief operations in Yolanda-affected areas (medical supplies)

Contact persons and hotlines from the Department of Health, Eastern Visayas & Central Office

“We won’t stop until we get all medical teams on the ground” – DOH

Shelter

Funding and Foreign Aid

Interagency One-Stop-Shop for donated relief goods fully operational

Infrastructure

Relief effort reaches typhoon-ravaged areas via supply routes

Power

AFP opens communication cells in Tacloban, Mactan, and Roxas City

Communications

Restoring communications after Yolanda: Updates as of November 12, 2013

DSWD provides Taclobanons with satellite Internet service

Security

Peace and security efforts in Yolanda-struck areas

Resources:

Maps

Google Crisis and Relief Map

DSWD Disaster Mitigation and Response Situation Map

DENR GDIS Map

A Compiled List of Yolanda / Haiyan Informational Maps: Space-based information

Weather

PAGASA 

Project NOAH

Reports

NDRMMC Situation Report

Status of Municipalities, Towns and Cities, in Leyte, Eastern Samar, Western Samar (The matrix is up to date as of November 15, 2013, 5:00 p.m.)

International Assistance Matrix

People Finder

Google Person Finder

A mobile version of this tool is available. You can also search with SMS by texting 2662999 (Globe), 4664999 (SMART), 22020999 (Sun), or +1.650.800.3977 with the message Search [name]. For example, to search for Joshua, text Search Joshua.

Person Finder is a searchable missing person database written in Python and hosted on App Engine. Person Finder implements the PFIF data model and provides PFIF import and export as well as PFIF Atom feeds. It was initially created by Google volunteers in response to the Haiti earthquake in January 2010, and today contains contributions from many volunteers inside and outside of Google. It was used again for the earthquakes in Chile, Yushu, and Japan, and now runs at http://google.org/personfinder/.

Red Cross RFL and Tracing Form

The Philippine Red Cross (PRC) has deployed assessment and rescue teams to the areas affected by recent typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan), locally known as Yolanda, to evaluate the damage and to support rescue efforts. Welfare Desks including RFL and tracing services are established in the affected areas. National Societies abroad that are approached by families without news of their loved ones can contact the PRC Social Services Department Email: sos@redcross.org.ph, zenaida.beltejar@redcross.org.ph Mobile: 09175328500 Landline: 5270000 loc. 126, 5270867 Twitter: @philredcross @justcallmelloyd @ilovemishang @lynvgarcia or use the #TracingPH Email: lyn.garcia@redcross.org.ph, kenneth.dimalibot@redcross.org.ph, opcen@redcross.org.ph

Other Resources

StatusPH: Real-time location based information aimed at both users and systems

Creating a map and database that shows ongoing actions such as rescue missions, hospitals, meeting points, points of internet, points of phone reception.

Super lightweight, fast and mobile optimised. Focus is on the INPUT side as well as allowing individuals with mobile access to see what’s available near them.

StatusPH (http://www.statusph.net/) has an API and now needs developers to assist in writing more scripts to help StatusPH get additional actionable data from other sources.  They have a complete guide and documentation for how any developer can contribute and work, in any language.  Simply visit https://github.com/PimDeWitte/spowerscripts.

Effects of the storm

Visit www.piacaraga.com’s Yolanda page.

Online information for natural calamities

What does it mean if an area is under a state of calamity?

Make sense of PAGASA’s color-coding signals.

Learn more about the Philippine Area of Responsibility.

Learn more about PAGASA’s public storm warning signals

Infographic: Mga paalala ukol sa storm surge

Infographic: Mga paalala ukol sa baha

Other Local Government Units (links to Local Government Academy website)

 

If you have something you see missing in this list of resources, or have a suggestion of a resource, or a compiled list of resources to add, a map, or a volunteer opportunity, please comment below, and once verified, they information will be added. Thank you!

 

Balochistan’s 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake

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A 7.7 magnitude earthquake occurred Tuesday, September 24, 69 kilometres northeast of Awaran in the remote region of Balochistan, Pakistan.  Emergency response and relief efforts have been difficult due to the mountainous terrain.  It is estimated that 300,000 people have been affected in the region.  The death toll of 355 continues to rise as rescue workers search through the rubble.  According to the government’s most recent Situation Report, many areas are still inaccessible.  Rescue efforts slowed Thursday as an army helicopter with two high-ranking generals on board came under rocket fire near Balochistan’s Awaran district.  The army said they will continue rescue and relief operations in the area.

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]Roads are nonexistent in some areas, so aid is airlifted to such places, and helicopters and C-130 planes are being used for that… we fear the death toll could rise, as we still have to reach out to some far-flung areas. — Pakistani Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan[/pullquote]

The army is flying severely injured individuals to hospitals in Karachi to receive proper medical care.  The Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) of Balochistan issued a press release Thursday afternoon, confirming that Awaran suffered the area’s greatest hit from the earthquake.  95 percent of the houses were destroyed or damaged in the earthquake and aftershocks.  The listed total number of casualties are 355 dead, 619 injured.  In Awaran there are 311 deaths and 440 injuries; in Kech there are 44 deaths and 179 injuries.  Officials stressed that there are ongoing rescue and relief operations involving the army, paramilitary forces and civilians.  Food and other necessities were distributed in some of the remote area via helicopter.

The Red Crescent has disaster preparedness stocks in the region that can be mobilized rapidly, but the biggest challenge is reaching the affected area… It takes between 18-20 hours to travel to Awaran from Quetta and it’s unclear how many villages surrounding the epicentre still haven’t been reached. Some may not be accessible by road.  Mike Higginson, acting head of delegation for the IFRC in Pakistan

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (Quetta) has been issuing updates today on Facebook.  Most of the Red Crescent supply hubs are hundreds of kilometres away.  In one of their recent updates, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society announced that 3 teams had been deployed to the town of Awaran, “Two health teams (1 doctor, 2 paramedics and 1 x ambulance with driver in each team) and one disaster response and coordination team left during the day after the medicines were loaded. The teams will travel round the clock to reach the affected area. The estimated travel time from Quetta to Awaran is 18 to 20 hours.”

Although there have been national efforts amassed to help, some non-governmental organisations, such as the IRIC, have not deployed to Western Pakistan to assist in the aftermath because of ongoing security concerns.  “Not only is the region remote, but security concerns mean that both the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are unable to directly conduct humanitarian operations in the area. However, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society has a well-established network on the ground and is able to operate freely,” said Patrick Fuller of the IFRC.

These are troubled regions . . . and we have heard about security concerns among the [nongovernmental relief groups] operating there.  However, as an independent relief organization, we are just hoping we will not face any trouble out there. I believe the people know we are there for relief.  Bijar Khan Marri, spokesman for the Pakistan Red Crescent Society

The initial damage is hard to estimate, although with food, water, crops, and infrastructural damages by the earthquake in the region, one can conclude the scope of the catastrophe will be far-reaching for a long time.  In Awaran alone, over 90% of houses have collapsed.  Many houses in the area were built from mud, and as such, collapsed during the earthquake and it’s aftershocks.  The earthquake has gotten global attention, but seems to have become most well-known for the island it has formed off the coast of Pakistan.  This earthquake is said to be the worst earthquake since Turkey’s 2011 Van earthquake.

Helpful Links:

Reliefweb
http://reliefweb.int/country/pak

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
http://www.ndma.gov.pk/new/

Humanitarian Response Pakistan
http://www.pakresponse.info/

OCHA Pakistan
http://www.unocha.org/pakistan/

Balochistan Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://www.pdma.gob.pk/

Sindh Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://pdma.pk/dnn/

FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA)
http://fdma.gov.pk/

Pakistan Red Crescent Society’s Facebook Page
https://www.facebook.com/PakistanRedCrescent