Category Archive: Asia

Balochistan’s 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake

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A 7.7 magnitude earthquake occurred Tuesday, September 24, 69 kilometres northeast of Awaran in the remote region of Balochistan, Pakistan.  Emergency response and relief efforts have been difficult due to the mountainous terrain.  It is estimated that 300,000 people have been affected in the region.  The death toll of 355 continues to rise as rescue workers search through the rubble.  According to the government’s most recent Situation Report, many areas are still inaccessible.  Rescue efforts slowed Thursday as an army helicopter with two high-ranking generals on board came under rocket fire near Balochistan’s Awaran district.  The army said they will continue rescue and relief operations in the area.

[pullquote align=”left|center|right” textalign=”left|center|right” width=”30%”]Roads are nonexistent in some areas, so aid is airlifted to such places, and helicopters and C-130 planes are being used for that… we fear the death toll could rise, as we still have to reach out to some far-flung areas. — Pakistani Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan[/pullquote]

The army is flying severely injured individuals to hospitals in Karachi to receive proper medical care.  The Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) of Balochistan issued a press release Thursday afternoon, confirming that Awaran suffered the area’s greatest hit from the earthquake.  95 percent of the houses were destroyed or damaged in the earthquake and aftershocks.  The listed total number of casualties are 355 dead, 619 injured.  In Awaran there are 311 deaths and 440 injuries; in Kech there are 44 deaths and 179 injuries.  Officials stressed that there are ongoing rescue and relief operations involving the army, paramilitary forces and civilians.  Food and other necessities were distributed in some of the remote area via helicopter.

The Red Crescent has disaster preparedness stocks in the region that can be mobilized rapidly, but the biggest challenge is reaching the affected area… It takes between 18-20 hours to travel to Awaran from Quetta and it’s unclear how many villages surrounding the epicentre still haven’t been reached. Some may not be accessible by road.  Mike Higginson, acting head of delegation for the IFRC in Pakistan

The Pakistan Red Crescent Society (Quetta) has been issuing updates today on Facebook.  Most of the Red Crescent supply hubs are hundreds of kilometres away.  In one of their recent updates, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society announced that 3 teams had been deployed to the town of Awaran, “Two health teams (1 doctor, 2 paramedics and 1 x ambulance with driver in each team) and one disaster response and coordination team left during the day after the medicines were loaded. The teams will travel round the clock to reach the affected area. The estimated travel time from Quetta to Awaran is 18 to 20 hours.”

Although there have been national efforts amassed to help, some non-governmental organisations, such as the IRIC, have not deployed to Western Pakistan to assist in the aftermath because of ongoing security concerns.  “Not only is the region remote, but security concerns mean that both the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are unable to directly conduct humanitarian operations in the area. However, the Pakistan Red Crescent Society has a well-established network on the ground and is able to operate freely,” said Patrick Fuller of the IFRC.

These are troubled regions . . . and we have heard about security concerns among the [nongovernmental relief groups] operating there.  However, as an independent relief organization, we are just hoping we will not face any trouble out there. I believe the people know we are there for relief.  Bijar Khan Marri, spokesman for the Pakistan Red Crescent Society

The initial damage is hard to estimate, although with food, water, crops, and infrastructural damages by the earthquake in the region, one can conclude the scope of the catastrophe will be far-reaching for a long time.  In Awaran alone, over 90% of houses have collapsed.  Many houses in the area were built from mud, and as such, collapsed during the earthquake and it’s aftershocks.  The earthquake has gotten global attention, but seems to have become most well-known for the island it has formed off the coast of Pakistan.  This earthquake is said to be the worst earthquake since Turkey’s 2011 Van earthquake.

Helpful Links:

Reliefweb
http://reliefweb.int/country/pak

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
http://www.ndma.gov.pk/new/

Humanitarian Response Pakistan
http://www.pakresponse.info/

OCHA Pakistan
http://www.unocha.org/pakistan/

Balochistan Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://www.pdma.gob.pk/

Sindh Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA)
http://pdma.pk/dnn/

FATA Disaster Management Authority (FDMA)
http://fdma.gov.pk/

Pakistan Red Crescent Society’s Facebook Page
https://www.facebook.com/PakistanRedCrescent

Relief Web updates

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ReliefWeb

Situation Reports / 15 Feb 2014

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – 09 Feb 2014
HIGHLIGHTS • The number of people from South Sudan seeking shelter in Sudan stands at some 24,700 as of 10 February, according to the Government of Sudan and humanitarian organisations. • The AU announced the resumption of negotiations between the Government of Sudan an d SPLM-N on the … Read more
European Commission Humanitarian Aid department – 13 Feb 2014
Messages clés – Suite à l’escalade de la violence intercommunautaire au début du mois de décembre 2013, le nombre de personnes déplacées internes (PDI s ) a dépassé les 714 000. Plus de 288 000 se trouvent dans la capitale, Bangui. 60% d’en tre elles sont des enfants. Plus de la moitié … Read more
European Commission Humanitarian Aid department – 13 Feb 2014
Key messages – Following the escalation of the inter-communal violence in the beginning of December 2013, the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Central African Republic has increased to more than 714 000. Over 288 000 are reported in the capital Bangui. Sixty percent of them are … Read more
World Food Programme – 15 Feb 2014
South Sudan was affected by poor macro-economic performance even before the breakout of the current crisis, showing declining per capita GDP, shortage of foreign reserves, deflation, and a high spread between official and informal exchange rates. Despite the improved harvest, the country will still … Read more
UN High Commissioner for Refugees – 31 Jan 2014
UNHCR operational highlights – The awareness campaign on the multi-year resettlement operation of Congolese refugees took place from January 22 to 28 in several communes of Bujumbura. The aim was to give all the information on this operation and to raise awareness about responsible behavior from … Read more
UN High Commissioner for Refugees – 31 Jan 2014
Faits marquants dans les opérations de l’UNHCR – La campagne de sensibilisation sur l’opération pluri-annuelle de réinstallation des réfugiés congolais s’est déroulée du 22 au 28 janvier dans plusieurs communes de la Mairie de Bujumbura. Le but était de donner toute l’information … Read more
Famine Early Warning System Network – 15 Feb 2014
Maize is the main staple crop in Tanzania. Rice and beans are also very important, the latter constituting the main source of protein for most low- and middle- income households. Dar es Salaam is the main consumer market in the country. Arusha is another important market and is linked with Kenya in … Read more
Famine Early Warning System Network – 15 Feb 2014
Maize, sorghum, wheat, and groundnuts are the most important food commodities in South Sudan. Sorghum, maize, and groundnuts are the staple foods for the poor in most rural areas. Maize flour and wheat (as bread) are more important for middle-income and rich households in urban areas. Sorghum and … Read more
Famine Early Warning System Network – 15 Feb 2014
Maize grain and maize meal are the most important food commodities and indicators of food security in Zambia. All of the markets represented — with the exception of Kitwe — are in provincial centers and thus provide a geographic representation. Chipata and Choma are both areas of high maize … Read more
Famine Early Warning System Network – 15 Feb 2014
Maize is the most widely consumed cereal by the rural poor. Sorghum is generally one of the cheapest cereals. Teff is also very important throughout the country. The most important markets for teff are the large cities including Addis Ababa, Bahir Dar, Mekele, and Dire Dawa. Addis Abada is the … Read more
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – 13 Feb 2014
**HIGHLIGHTS** – Humanitarian aid delivered, and civilians evacuated from the besieged Old City of Homs – Estimated hundreds of thousands displaced from eastern Aleppo City and rural areas. – Nine days of access to Yarmouk camp enables distribution of food, medicines and medical attention to … Read more
US Agency for International Development – 14 Feb 2014
**HIGHLIGHTS** – Approximately 707,400 people remain internally displaced in South Sudan as a result of hostilities that began on December 15. – U.N. Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos declared the current crisis in South Sudan a Level Three Emergency on February … Read more

Tropical Storm Mahasen (Retired)

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[important]Because Tropical Storm Mahasen has dissipated, this page is retired and will no longer provide updates. Any further related events will be reported separately from this report to avoid confusion.[/important]

 

[notice]Listed Below are Prior Updates[/notice]

 

On Friday 17 May, 2013:

[important]Cautionary Reminder[/important]

There is still a cautionary reminder to those still in the path of the remnants of Tropical Storm Mahasen.

 A Met office bulletin said under the influence of Mahasen, heavy to very heavy showers might occur at most places in southern Assam, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland during the next 36 hours. (via Al Jazeera)

General Updates

Cyclone Mahasen weakened to a Tropical Storm before making landfall (late on the 16th) in Bangladesh.  With Bangladesh, India, Myanmar taking an active preparedness stance by evacuating hundreds of thousand of citizens from low-lying coastal areas and raising alert levels, when the Tropical Storm Mahasen arrived, what would have been a high number of deaths, is appearing to be in the single or double digit range.

“The storm was weaker than expected, but we have to commend the preparedness work done by the governments of Bangladesh and Myanmar and their partners to get people to safety and ensure that communities were ready,”  -Brian Kelly, IOM’s Asia-Pacific Emergency Advisor. (via Reliefweb)

There has been a lull in reports, and, as of yet, no official reports have been released indicating the cumulative amount of damage that Tropical Storm Mahasen has caused the affected areas, the numbers displaced (besides rough estimates), or the official cumulative death toll.

“The situation is turning normal and the people have started returning home after some 200,000 people took overnight refuge at cyclone shelters at Barisal Division,” divisional commissioner of Barisal Mohammad Nurul Amin told Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS).

Useful Links

Media Coverage

 

On Thursday 16 May, 2013

Courtesy of BBC: Cyclone Mahasen is estimated to reach Bangladesh on Thursday 16 May, 2013 hitting coast by Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar. Burma is also threatened and evacuation efforts are underway to move tens of thousands of Rohingya Muslims living in camps around Sittwe in the state of Rakhine.

 

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